AUA Summit - Urologic Conditions

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    Cystoscopy

    Cystoscopy, or cystourethroscopy, is a procedure that lets a urologist view the inside of the bladder and urethra in detail.

    An ultrasound exam (or “sonogram”) is a painless diagnostic technique that makes use of how sound waves travel through the body. When sound waves pass through the body, they bounce off tissues and organs in certain ways. The reflected waves can be used to make images of the organs inside. The sound waves don’t hurt the body, and there’s no radiation.

    Prostate cancer is when cancer forms in the prostate gland. It is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the U.S. About 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.

    The most common symptom of OAB is a sudden urge to urinate that you can’t control.

    People can mean a lot of different things when they say they have "advanced" prostate cancer. They can mean that their prostate cancer has spread outside of the prostate but only to tissue near the prostate (like seminal vesicles). Prostate cancer that has not spread far can be called "locally advanced prostate cancer."

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty, when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man’s life. As you age, your prostate may get larger. Benign prostatic hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase.

    Bladder cancer is cancer that begins in the bladder.

    Under normal conditions in women, the bladder is held in place by a “hammock” of supportive pelvic floor muscles and ligaments. When these tissues are stretched and/or become weak, the bladder can sag through this layer and into the vagina. This results in bladder prolapse, also called a cystocele.

    Erectile dysfunction, or ED, is when it is hard to get or keep an erection that’s firm enough for sex. ED affects as many as 30 million men.

    Urinary incontinence is leaking of urine that you can’t control. Many American men and women suffer from urinary incontinence.