Adrenal Gland Cancers
While benign (non-cancerous) tumors in the adrenal gland are very common, cancers in or around this gland are very rare. They are found in only 1 or 3 per 1 million people. These tumors can give off too much cortisol or other hormones.
Advanced Prostate Cancer
People can mean a lot of different things when they say they have "advanced" prostate cancer. They can mean that their prostate cancer has spread outside of the prostate but only to tissue near the prostate (like seminal vesicles). Prostate cancer that has not spread far can be called "locally advanced prostate cancer."
An adrenal mass is an abnormal growth that develops in the adrenal gland. It’s unclear why these masses form. They can develop in anyone of any age, but they are more common in older individuals.
Ambiguous (Uncertain) Genitalia
Every hour of every day, a baby is born and can easily be identified as a boy or girl. But how distressing it must be when suddenly the birth attendants are unable to say whether the baby is a boy or a girl? This rare situation is usually unanticipated, and can be a difficult experience for all concerned. What causes this condition? What can be done? The following information has been developed to answer questions about ambiguous genitalia.
Angiography is the x-ray imaging of blood vessels using a contrast agent (dye). The dye makes the blood vessels visible with an x-ray.
Antegrade pyelography uses special contrast agent (dye) to produce detailed X-ray pictures of the upper urinary tract (kidney and ureter). It is commonly used to diagnose conditions including hydronephrosis, ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction and obstruction of the ureters.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. The prostate goes through two main growth periods as a man ages. The first occurs early in puberty, when the prostate doubles in size. The second phase of growth begins around age 25 and continues during most of a man’s life. As you age, your prostate may get larger. Benign prostatic hyperplasia often occurs with the second growth phase.
Benign (Not Cancerous) Urethral Lesions
The urethra is a vital part of the urinary tract. Its main job is to carry urine out of the body. In men, this channel also carries semen from the reproductive tract.
Benign (Not Cancerous) Uretheral Lesions Boys
Irregularities of the urethra in young boys are rare. But they can cause problems with urination.
Benign (Not Cancerous) Uretheral Lesions Girls
Benign lesions in the urinary tracts of young girls are rare. But when they happen, they can cause problems.