Signs of a testicular tumor are:
- A painless lump in the testicle (the most common sign)
- Swelling of the testicle (with or without pain) or a feeling of weight in the scrotum
- Pain or a dull ache in the testicle, scrotum or groin
- Tenderness or changes in the male breast tissue
If you find any lump or firm part of the testicle, you should see a doctor to find out if it is a tumor. Very few men who have testicular cancer felt pain at first.
Many men do not tell their health care provider about these signs. On average, men wait for about five months before saying anything. Since the tumor can spread during that time, it is vital to reach out to a urologist if you notice any of these signs. This is especially true if a sign lasts for more than two weeks. The urologist will want to test if cancer is growing or if there’s some other issue, like:
- Epididymitis: swelling of the epididymis. Often treated with antibiotics.
- Testicular torsion: twisting of the testicles. Often treated with surgery.
- Inguinal hernia: when part of the intestine pokes through a weak part of the stomach muscles near the groin. Often treated with surgery.
- Hydrocele: when fluid builds up in the scrotum. This often goes away without treatment.